Climate Change

It’s only recently thatthe close interactions between natural weather events and climate phenomena have become obvious to be interrelated with the energy sources in the atmospheric composition, which drives the meteorological and climatologic phenomena. Through the advent of industrial revolution, the emission of greenhouse gases has increased at an alarming rate, causing an abnormal increase in the earth’s average temperature.Since climate modification is not possible, we must be careful in our use of energy sources.

Energy Deficit in India

The energy policy of India is largely defined by the country's burgeoning energy deficit and increased focus on developing alternate sources ofenergy,particularlynuclear, solar and wind energy. The energy consumption in India is the fourth biggest after China, USA and Russia.

Renewable Energy – Need of the Hour

Answer to both of the problems mentioned above, Climate change and Energy Deficit, lies in enhancing capacity to improvise more ways of implementing various renewable energy sources across the country like wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric and biomass that are constantly replenished.Renewable energy and especially solar energyare effective energy sources that are ready for global deployment today on a scale that can help tackle climate change problems. India has vast and virtually limitless supply of renewable energy resources.

Advantages of Renewable Energy

The benefits of renewable energy are manifold and are mentioned below:

  • A Vast and Inexhaustible Energy Supply
  • Renewable energy facilities generally require less maintenance than traditional generators.
  • Renewable energy produces little or no waste products such as carbon dioxide or other chemical pollutants, so has minimal impact on the environment.
  • Improved Public Health and Environmental Quality
  • Renewable energy is providing affordable electricity across the country right now, and can help stabilize energy prices in the future.

Energy Availability in Rural India

The connectivity with the electricity in large parts of rural India faces a major problem of long hours of power cuts in most parts. Proper power supply to these villages can open new avenues for economic development as small and cottage industries can flourish at village and Kasba levels. So now the major challenge is to improve power generation, transmission and supply for social and economic development of the villages.

Rural electrification is the process of bringing electrical power to rural and remote areas. Electricity is used not only for lighting and household purposes, but it also allows for mechanization of many farming operations, such as threshing, milking, and hoisting grain for storage. In areas facing labor shortages, this allows for greater productivity at reduced cost.

Our Solution

Centad’s response to the situation is our Rural Energy Access Programme.


Our trade and human development programme addresses poverty, inequality and social development. It also evaluates the impact of trade and domestic macro-economic policies on human development indices with India as a focus. International trade regimes are regulated through various institutions like the WTO and international agreements like Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). In recent times, the impact of trade on human development, both in terms of scale and intensity, has increasingly drawn the attention of governments, policymakers, academia and the civil society.


Our trade and human development programme addresses poverty, inequality and social development. It also evaluates the impact of trade and domestic macro-economic policies on human development indices with India as a focus.


While organisations like the WTO and trade agreements like the FTAs do eliminate the chaos that of trade across vast geographical areas and economic boundaries, it also restricts the freedom of countries to make policies relating to goods and services. Studies have shown how many developed countries arm-twist a developing or ‘less developed’ nation into undertaking more commitments than those stipulated in WTO agreements. As a consequence, these nations stand to lose any existing legs-space while making policies in those areas.

Challenges that we face can be summed up as:

  • Middlemen/Trade Unions
  • No evidence of impact
  • Corruption
  • Inefficient Marketing system
  • Unethical business techniques
  • Political Indecision

Advocacy & Outreach

We offer consultation and advisory services on issues of expertise across India. We focus on building the capacity of stakeholders at the grassroots level, the legal fraternity and regional governments through activities like summer schools and training courses on Trade and Development Research. This programme focuses on the quantitative and qualitative analyses of human developmental issues and aims to provide crucial policy goals, including micro-, meso- and macro-level interventions for addressing human development concerns in India.

Some of our areas of focus are on issues like evaluation of macro-economic policies and the implications for poverty, social inequality and stagnation, linkages, contradictions between domestic macro-economic policies and the trade policy paradigm of the country resulting in poor human development conditions.

We believe that advocacy and outreach is an effective way to ensure civil societies and governments fulfil their objectives.

  • Translation of documents: We have been working on translating technical briefs documents and research papers into Hindi and other regional languages.
  • Building coalitions: We have built valuable partnerships with the Indian government, other non-government organisations and representatives at every level of decision making.
  • Advocacy with policy-makers: Providing reader-friendly briefs on trade issues to policy and lawmakers will lead to a better understanding of the issues plaguing free trade and could result in better policy formation.

Research & Analysis

Research is important to understanding the real impact of international trade on the people in.

  • Regional Trade Agreements (RTA): Research to explore the linkages between RTAs and Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) in India and some specific sectors.
  • Research on Human Development, Gender and Labour: This research explores the linkages of these themes with trade, especially with a mainstream agenda at policy and organisational levels.


India is a land of resources but with scarcity of opportunities. Unfortunately, even when we come across opportunities, we often overlook those due to lack of correct skillset and vision to identify and explore. We, at Centad, have dedicated ourselves in making our land of resources to a land of skilled resources. Instead of bringing opportunities to our people, we have stepped up to move our people towards the opportunities around them.

Need for Skill Development training

The need for Skill Development among youths, especially the less educated, poor and school drop-outs, has been highlighted in various forumsand cannot be over-emphasized. The skill level and educational attainment of the work force determines the productivity, income levels as well as the adaptability of the working class in a changing environment. A large percentage of the Indian population is still below poverty line,one of the important causes beingthe lack of focussed skillsetin the workforce, of which only a trivial percentage is skilled.

Skill development, at present,happens mostly in the informal way, i.e. people acquire skill at the work-place while helping their parents, relatives or employers etc. Such people do not have a formal certificate and thus earn lower wages and are exploited by employers. According to various studies, the traditional educational framework is not sufficient if we try to establish a link between education, skillset and employment. Despite the emphasis laid on grades in conventional education, we understand that there is a surmountable need for targeted skill development to provide a competitive edge to our nation.

Educationists and placement agencies have pointed towards outdated learning, lack of practice, exam culture, lack of industry exposure, lack of soft skills and bad career matching as major reasons for lesser employability of students.Despite the emphasis laid on grades in conventional education, we understand that there is a surmountable need for targeted skill development to provide a competitive edge to our nation.

Education and Skill Development

Centad aims to facilitate the development and upgrading of the skills of the growing Indian workforce through skill training programs. A large part of the organization’s efforts are directed at the private sector and towards developing the skills in the unorganized sector in India. With a vision to empower the young citizens of tomorrow’s world, our strategy as part of the Education and Skill development programme is to ensure that this vast pool of talent and young energy is tapped optimally through education and skill development programs. By doing this, we aim to link the dual objectives of personality development and nation-building.

Centad Skill Development Centre

Our primary focus is now casted on making India a land of skilled resources. Centad Skill Development Centre is our effort to strengthen the Indian youth through education and skill training. We have brought in various courses from a number of skill sectors based on our research for need in the industries and also tied up with various companies to ensure maximum employability. To know more about Centad Skill Development Centre, click here.

Centad School Adoption Program

Systemic factors like lack of teachers, non-availability of teachers in remote rural, hilly and tribal areas, high teacher absenteeism, large scale teacher vacancies, inadequate school infrastructure, and inadequate allocation of resources on education to meet the expenditure, irregular classes, overcrowded classrooms, and traditional methods of rote learning – have diminished the quality of teaching and reduced interest among the students for education. We, at Centad, strive to bridge these gaps in order to achieve 100 % literacy and 0% drop outs till class X. To know more about Centad School Adoption Programme, click here.